The Arcology concept can be applied to a variety of biomes, social circumstances, and specific locations. Each Arcology needs to be specifically tailored to the ecosystem that it exists within. Imagine a city thoroughly integrated into nature with minimal disruption to ecosystem itself. An arcology’s direct proximity to surrounding nature provides its citizen with the benefit of immediate and low-impact access to natural landscapes.
With agriculture situated within the city’s envelope, the efficiency of a localized food system is maximized. Arcologies could employ passive solar architectural techniques such as the apse effect, greenhouse architecture and garment architecture in order to propagate reduced energy use within the city, drastically reducing costs of heating, lighting and cooling. The architecture of an Arcology is leveraged to work harder delivering comforts with less consumption.
Pollution is a direct function of wastefulness–inefficiency. In a three dimensional city, energy and resources are used more economically than in a conventional modern city. Suburban sprawl mandates a hyper-production-consumption cycle and creates mountains of waste and pollutants. Today, in a typical city, more than fifty percent of land is relegated to roads and automobile services. The mixed-use nature of space within an Arcology condenses residential, commercial, public, and
industrial functions in such a way that they are within easy reach of each other. In this future urban form, walking is the primary method of transportation, complimented with conveyors and elevators; and supplemented with public transport that replaces the car for greater distances. Over the past 50 years, the Cosanti Foundation has developed several potential models for how these frugal urban landscapes might function, below are several salient examples.
“A culture based on the car leads to the diaspora of habitat, inevitably segregating people and stifling true novelty, the synergy of culture & civilization.”
List of Arcology Explorations
LEAN LINEAR CITY (2007)
Lean Linear City is a transit oriented development (TOD) that proposes a continuous urban ribbon of twenty or more stories high, extending for many kilometers. Two main, parallel structures are built in modules measuring 200 meters (600 feet) in length. Each module accommodates about 3,000 residents and spaces for commercial, industrial, educational, cultural, recreational, and health maintenance activities.
NUDGING SPACE (2003)
The Nudging Space Arcology is variation of Soleri’s earlier designed Two Suns. The important design element here is the “Apsedra” which combines two architectural forms, the “Apse” and the “Excedra”. The Nudging Space Arcology is 40,000,000 square meters (400,000,000 sq. ft.) in floor space and designed for 250,000 citizens.
TWO SUNS ARCOLOGY (1975)
The “Two Suns Arcology” focuses on the development of the central system for efficient collection, transmission and consumption of solar energy to support a town or city population. This is achieved through the use of terraced greenhouses on the south slope of the city. Solar heat from the greenhouse collectors is redirected to meet basic heating and cooling needs of the city.
ORIGINAL ARCOLOGY (1969)
The arcological city is a three-dimensional urban structure that addresses its urban mobility primarily in pedestrian mode using walkways, escalators, elevators and moving sidewalks within the city. Man will be both a city and a country dweller, since the compactness of arcology will return the land to cultivation and recreation.